Since the inception of the concept of conflict resolution and justice systems by the humankind, forgiveness has been one of the various actions applied against wrongdoing. It involves the voluntary abandonment of any negative emotions that an individual might have accumulated as a result of a wrongdoing perpetrated by another person to the forgiver. There exist several stances on whether forgiveness is a virtue or merely a sign of weakness. In the substantiation of mercy and justice, forgiveness is included into the category of mercy, and most philosophers believed that it did not comply with the societal expectations regarding wrongdoing, because the punishment is the best way to achieve morality and maintain the inherent values of the community. Nonetheless, studies have established that forgiveness provides substantial benefits to the victim of the wrongdoing. The paper will discuss benefits that a person gets after forgiving others for wrongdoing, namely good physical health, reconciliatory perceptions, psychological well-being, and the sense of personal power among others. Besides, the paper will focus on the main objections of forgiveness.
Forgiveness and Health
The greatest benefit that the forgiver can draw from the act of forgiving is better physical health. According to Hallich, forgiveness and health represent a positive correlation (1011). There is a broad spectrum of the aspects of physical health related to forgiveness. An important fact is that forgiveness is morally permissible. The implication here is that a forgiver has freedom to choose whether to forgive or not. There is neither such a thing as an obligation to abandon negative emotions, associated with a wrongdoing, nor a moral prohibition that can prevent people from forgiving. Such level of freedom itself, coupled with the choice to forgive, provides essential health benefits, as it relieves the forgiver from disturbing emotions.
When a person becomes a victim of wrongdoing, he/she suffers from a certain level of stress, imposed on them. They cannot be able to avoid it, because a wrongdoing interferes with some of the common issues that constitute a healthy living atmosphere of a person. Therefore, it exposes happiness of a victim to an external threat. If the stress levels are significant, they can be damaging to the overall well-being of a person and can trigger poor physical health. Moreover, spending more time pondering over the wrongs, committed to them, elevates their emotional suffering and might increase stress to even more dangerous levels. Overall, the more people continue to accumulate bad feelings towards the perpetrator of the wrongdoing, the more stress can be manifested within them.
Therefore, forgiveness is essential for the amelioration of the risks, associated with stress-related implications of a wrongdoing. A forgiver embraces forgiveness due to his faith in the good, which implies that he is willing to let all the negative emotions disappear and enhances positive outlook. Forgiveness promotes love, which is in turn an instrument in the enhancement of happiness in one`s life. An individual who readily forgives is overwhelmed with love and happiness. He is likely to have fewer stressful moments, despite being a victim of wrongdoings. It is believed that the lowered levels of stress can redeem a former physical health that the victim used to have before the wrongdoing.
Forgiveness leads to the reduced levels of stress that is pivotal in the appropriate maintenance of low blood pressure. Non-obligatory forgiveness is highly related to the forgiver`s actual physiological functioning. Thus, the physiological systems of victims are affected by certain improvements, which directly influence the level of blood pressure and help to remain it at a desirable level. Furthermore, forgiveness has positive implications on the perpetrator of the wrongdoing. There are chances that the general well-being of both parties, involved in the conflict, could encourage their conciliatory process and lead to healthier relationships between them. Such a move could further improve the physical wellness of forgivers, because they feel that their actions have not been in vain.
Health benefits of forgiveness manifest themselves in many couples that experience marital conflict. Fundamental, marital struggles and disputes have deleterious effects on the health of all involved parties. They are a major source of distress among the victims regardless of the root of a conflict. As a result, people, who experience marital problems, are often advised to settle their disputes and forgive one another. Impairments in both the immune and cardiovascular functions are among the most ruinous outcomes of a failure to amicably solve the marital wrangles through forgiveness. Conflict discussions often lead to undesirable changes in the physiological functions and can significantly lower the level of satisfaction that the marriage grants to the couple. Overall, the best way to write a nurse essay and solve a problem of wrongdoings is forgiveness.
An Impediment to Resentment
The urge to seek revenge is arguably one of the most uncontrollable feelings that human beings harbor whenever they become the victims of a wrongdoing. It is widely considered that some of the approaches used to seek justice may be not acceptable. Additionally, revenge can blind the victims, so that they commit more unwarrantable and injurious actions that might put them in worse situations. It is worth noting that forgiveness is not as easy as it is preached. On the other hand, resentment and revenge may not be as fruitful and successful as they are perceived prior to the execution. Thus, it is essential for an individual to understand that the benefits of forgiveness surpass the hardships faced during the process of it. Szablowinski notes that the overall gains from resentfulness and revenge are insignificant when compared with the kind of benefits accrued from forgiving. Forgivers avoid many negative consequences that they would encounter if they pursued justice on the basis of revenge.
Forgiveness inhibits the manifestation of hostilities and persistent resentment in the forgiver. The acceptance of the wrongdoing and making a decision to resist any temptations to take revenge has prevented many potential crimes. For example, people who resist the temptation to harm others, whenever they are offended by them, are less likely to break the law in an attempt to achieve personal justice. Most of them are guided by the spirit of love and harmony and are willing to forgo the satisfaction, caused by vengeance. Apparently, individuals with the lowest level of self-control become the most notorious law-breakers if they happen to be the victims of a wrongdoing. Most of them are put into correctional facilities for many years, probably because they failed to forgive a perpetrator of a wrongdoing, which could be amicably solved. Overall, forgivers know better ways of solving issues rather than adopting aggression and hostility.
Challenges of Forgiveness
The models and constructs of forgiveness depict the ways to achieve it smoothly and pleasantly. Nonetheless, it has never been the case as there are many issues surrounding it. A doctrine that presents forgiveness as a weakness is among the fundamental challenges prevalent in modern societies. Even though it is widely accepted that the personal benefits of forgiveness overwhelm the disadvantages of it, the victims of wrongdoings are often compelled not to forgive because it reflects moral feebleness and inferiority. Arguably, the society seeks to persuade the perpetrator of a wrongdoing that his actions are highly condemnable, and therefore he cannot escape the justice. Overall, the society views those who forgive as timid individuals who cannot courageously demand fair solutions for the wrongs, committed against them.
Forgiveness is also regarded as an impediment to personal justice. In most cases people forgo their personal interest when they forgive others. According to Bunge and Kantian moral philosophy explains forgiveness as immoral and inappropriate, because it acts against typical expectations that the wrongdoing is punished. They argue that justice is the principal controller of behavior and values in the society; thus, the absence of it triggers an influx of crime and unwarrantable activities. The pursuit of justice acts as a warning for those who would also be tempted to commit the same wrongs and teaches the members of the community to adhere to the established values and regulations in order to live harmoniously. Nevertheless, a precise analysis of the philosophical morality of forgiveness reveals that the very action of forgiving implies that the forgiver already acknowledges the immorality of a wrongdoing that is already an important step.
Other critics of forgiveness claim that it is a logically impossible phenomenon. They stick to the opinion that the only way for an individual to forgive an offence is in case when the harm of a wrongdoing is completely eliminated. Consequently, it would be very illogical to suggest such a premise and it would only emphasize the impossibility of forgiveness. However, the proponents of forgiveness believe that it is meant to cancel not the initial wrongdoing but to avoid its effects on any of the parties involved.
Forgiveness is arguably one of the most controversial issues of morality that is faced by the humankind. Most of its critics mention that it favors mercy at the expense of justice. Thus, a forgiving society is an unfair society. All in all, forgiveness provides various benefits to the forgiver, namely physical health benefits, improved physiological functioning, and amelioration of the risks of revenge. Opponents of forgiveness believe that it is logically impossible and also consider it as a hindrance to personal justice and well-being. However, since forgiving entails mitigation of the adverse implications of a wrongdoing, it is logically possible.